PopStateEvent

PopStateEvent is an event handler for the popstate event on the window.

A popstate event is dispatched to the window every time the active history entry changes between two history entries for the same document. If the history entry being activated was created by a call to history.pushState() or was affected by a call to history.replaceState() popstate event's state property contains a copy of the history entry's state object.

注意 : Just calling history.pushState() or history.replaceState() won't trigger a popstate event. The popstate event is only triggered by doing a browser action such as a clicking on the back button (or calling history.back() in JavaScript). And the event is only triggered when the user navigates between two history entries for the same document.

注意 : Browsers used to handle the popstate event differently on page load, but now they behave the same. Firefox never emitted a popstate event on page load. Chrome did until version 34, while Safari did until version 10.0.

句法

window.onpopstate = funcRef;
					
  • funcRef is a handler function.

The popstate event

As an example, a page at http://example.com/example.html running the following code will generate alerts as indicated:

window.onpopstate = function(event) {
  alert("location: " + document.location + ", state: " + JSON.stringify(event.state));
};
history.pushState({page: 1}, "title 1", "?page=1");
history.pushState({page: 2}, "title 2", "?page=2");
history.replaceState({page: 3}, "title 3", "?page=3");
history.back(); // alerts "location: http://example.com/example.html?page=1, state: {"page":1}"
history.back(); // alerts "location: http://example.com/example.html, state: null
history.go(2);  // alerts "location: http://example.com/example.html?page=3, state: {"page":3}
					

Note that even though the original history entry (for http://example.com/example.html ) has no state object associated with it, a popstate event is still fired when we activate that entry after the second call to history.back() .

规范

规范 状态 Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'PopStateEvent' in that specification.
实时标准 初始定义

浏览器兼容性

更新 GitHub 上的兼容性数据
Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
PopStateEvent Chrome 4 Edge ≤18 Firefox 4 IE ? Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
state Chrome 4 Edge 12 Firefox 4 IE ? Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0

图例

完整支持
完整支持
兼容性未知
兼容性未知

另请参阅

  1. PopStateEvent
  2. 继承:
    1. Event
  3. Related pages for HTML DOM
    1. BeforeUnloadEvent
    2. DOMStringMap
    3. ErrorEvent
    4. GlobalEventHandlers
    5. HTMLAnchorElement
    6. HTMLAreaElement
    7. HTMLAudioElement
    8. HTMLBRElement
    9. HTMLBaseElement
    10. HTMLBaseFontElement
    11. HTMLBodyElement
    12. HTMLButtonElement
    13. HTMLCanvasElement
    14. HTMLContentElement
    15. HTMLDListElement
    16. HTMLDataElement
    17. HTMLDataListElement
    18. HTMLDialogElement
    19. HTMLDivElement
    20. HTMLDocument
    21. HTMLElement
    22. HTMLEmbedElement
    23. HTMLFieldSetElement
    24. HTMLFormControlsCollection
    25. HTMLFormElement
    26. HTMLFrameSetElement
    27. HTMLHRElement
    28. HTMLHeadElement
    29. HTMLHeadingElement
    30. HTMLHtmlElement
    31. HTMLIFrameElement
    32. HTMLImageElement
    33. HTMLInputElement
    34. HTMLIsIndexElement
    35. HTMLKeygenElement
    36. HTMLLIElement
    37. HTMLLabelElement
    38. HTMLLegendElement
    39. HTMLLinkElement
    40. HTMLMapElement
    41. HTMLMediaElement
    42. HTMLMetaElement
    43. HTMLMeterElement
    44. HTMLModElement
    45. HTMLOListElement
    46. HTMLObjectElement
    47. HTMLOptGroupElement
    48. HTMLOptionElement
    49. HTMLOptionsCollection
    50. HTMLOutputElement
    51. HTMLParagraphElement
    52. HTMLParamElement
    53. HTMLPictureElement
    54. HTMLPreElement
    55. HTMLProgressElement
    56. HTMLQuoteElement
    57. HTMLScriptElement
    58. HTMLSelectElement
    59. HTMLShadowElement
    60. HTMLSourceElement
    61. HTMLSpanElement
    62. HTMLStyleElement
    63. HTMLTableCaptionElement
    64. HTMLTableCellElement
    65. HTMLTableColElement
    66. HTMLTableDataCellElement
    67. HTMLTableElement
    68. HTMLTableHeaderCellElement
    69. HTMLTableRowElement
    70. HTMLTableSectionElement
    71. HTMLTemplateElement
    72. HTMLTextAreaElement
    73. HTMLTimeElement
    74. HTMLTitleElement
    75. HTMLTrackElement
    76. HTMLUListElement
    77. HTMLUnknownElement
    78. HTMLVideoElement
    79. HashChangeEvent
    80. History
    81. ImageData
    82. Location
    83. MessageChannel
    84. MessageEvent
    85. MessagePort
    86. Navigator
    87. NavigatorGeolocation
    88. NavigatorID
    89. NavigatorLanguage
    90. NavigatorOnLine
    91. NavigatorPlugins
    92. PageTransitionEvent
    93. Plugin
    94. PluginArray
    95. PortCollection
    96. PromiseRejectionEvent
    97. RadioNodeList
    98. Transferable
    99. ValidityState
    100. Window
    101. WindowBase64
    102. WindowEventHandlers
    103. WindowTimers