PannerNode

PannerNode interface represents the position and behavior of an audio source signal in space. It is an AudioNode audio-processing module describing its position with right-hand Cartesian coordinates, its movement using a velocity vector and its directionality using a directionality cone.

A PannerNode always has exactly one input and one output: the input can be mono or stereo but the output is always stereo (2 channels); you can't have panning effects without at least two audio channels!

The PannerNode brings a spatial position and velocity and a directionality for a given signal.

Number of inputs 1
Number of outputs 1
Channel count mode "clamped-max"
Channel count 2
Channel interpretation "speakers"

构造函数

PannerNode.PannerNode
创建新的 PannerNode object instance.

特性

Inherits properties from its parent, AudioNode .

The orientation and position value are set and retrieved using different syntaxes, since they're stored as AudioParam values. Retrieval is done by accessing, for example, PannerNode.positionX . While setting the same property is done with PannerNode.positionX.value . This is why these values are not marked read only, which is how they appear in the WebIDL.

PannerNode.coneInnerAngle
Is a double value describing the angle, in degrees, of a cone inside of which there will be no volume reduction.
PannerNode.coneOuterAngle
A double value describing the angle, in degrees, of a cone outside of which the volume will be reduced by a constant value, defined by the coneOuterGain 属性。
PannerNode.coneOuterGain
A double value describing the amount of volume reduction outside the cone defined by the coneOuterAngle attribute. Its default value is 0 , meaning that no sound can be heard.
PannerNode.distanceModel
An enumerated value determining which algorithm to use to reduce the volume of the audio source as it moves away from the listener. Possible values are "linear" , "inverse" and "exponential" 。默认值为 "inverse" .
PannerNode.maxDistance
A double value representing the maximum distance between the audio source and the listener, after which the volume is not reduced any further.
PannerNode.orientationX
Represents the horizontal position of the audio source's vector in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 1.
PannerNode.orientationY
Represents the vertical position of the audio source's vector in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. The default is 0. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 0.
PannerNode.orientationZ
Represents the longitudinal (back and forth) position of the audio source's vector in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. The default is 0. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 0.
PannerNode.panningModel
An enumerated value determining which spatialisation algorithm to use to position the audio in 3D space.
PannerNode.positionX
Represents the horizontal position of the audio in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. The default is 0. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 0.
PannerNode.positionY
Represents the vertical position of the audio in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. The default is 0. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 0.
PannerNode.positionZ
Represents the longitudinal (back and forth) position of the audio in a right-hand cartesian coordinate system. The default is 0. While this AudioParam cannot be directly changed, its value can be altered using its value property. The default is value is 0.
PannerNode.refDistance
A double value representing the reference distance for reducing volume as the audio source moves further from the listener. For distances greater than this the volume will be reduced based on rolloffFactor and distanceModel .
PannerNode.rolloffFactor
A double value describing how quickly the volume is reduced as the source moves away from the listener. This value is used by all distance models.

方法

Inherits methods from its parent, AudioNode .

PannerNode.setPosition()
Defines the position of the audio source relative to the listener (represented by an AudioListener object stored in the AudioContext.listener attribute.)
PannerNode.setOrientation()
Defines the direction the audio source is playing in.
PannerNode.setVelocity()
Defines the velocity vector of the audio source — how fast it is moving and in what direction. In a previous version of the specification, the PannerNode had a velocity that could pitch up or down AudioBufferSourceNode s connected downstream. This feature was not clearly specified and had a number of issues, so it was removed from the specification.

范例

In the following example, you can see an example of how the createPanner() method, AudioListener and PannerNode would be used to control audio spatialisation. Generally you will define the position in 3D space that your audio listener and panner (source) occupy initially, and then update the position of one or both of these as the application is used. You might be moving a character around inside a game world for example, and wanting delivery of audio to change realistically as your character moves closer to or further away from a music player such as a stereo. In the example you can see this being controlled by the functions moveRight() , moveLeft() , etc., which set new values for the panner position via the PositionPanner() 函数。

To see a complete implementation, check out our panner-node example ( view the source code ) — this demo transports you to the 2.5D "Room of metal", where you can play a track on a boom box and then walk around the boom box to see how the sound changes!

Note how we have used some feature detection to either give the browser the newer property values (like AudioListener.forwardX ) for setting position, etc. if it supports those, or older methods (like AudioListener.setOrientation() ) if it still supports those but not the new properties.

// set up listener and panner position information
var WIDTH = window.innerWidth;
var HEIGHT = window.innerHeight;
var xPos = Math.floor(WIDTH/2);
var yPos = Math.floor(HEIGHT/2);
var zPos = 295;
// define other variables
var AudioContext = window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext;
var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
var panner = audioCtx.createPanner();
panner.panningModel = 'HRTF';
panner.distanceModel = 'inverse';
panner.refDistance = 1;
panner.maxDistance = 10000;
panner.rolloffFactor = 1;
panner.coneInnerAngle = 360;
panner.coneOuterAngle = 0;
panner.coneOuterGain = 0;
if(panner.orientationX) {
  panner.orientationX.setValueAtTime(1, audioCtx.currentTime);
  panner.orientationY.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
  panner.orientationZ.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
} else {
  panner.setOrientation(1,0,0);
}
var listener = audioCtx.listener;
if(listener.forwardX) {
  listener.forwardX.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.forwardY.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.forwardZ.setValueAtTime(-1, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.upX.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.upY.setValueAtTime(1, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.upZ.setValueAtTime(0, audioCtx.currentTime);
} else {
  listener.setOrientation(0,0,-1,0,1,0);
}
var source;
var play = document.querySelector('.play');
var stop = document.querySelector('.stop');
var boomBox = document.querySelector('.boom-box');
var listenerData = document.querySelector('.listener-data');
var pannerData = document.querySelector('.panner-data');
leftBound = (-xPos) + 50;
rightBound = xPos - 50;
xIterator = WIDTH/150;
// listener will always be in the same place for this demo
if(listener.positionX) {
  listener.positionX.setValueAtTime(xPos, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.positionY.setValueAtTime(yPos, audioCtx.currentTime);
  listener.positionZ.setValueAtTime(300, audioCtx.currentTime);
} else {
  listener.setPosition(xPos,yPos,300);
}
listenerData.innerHTML = 'Listener data: X ' + xPos + ' Y ' + yPos + ' Z ' + 300;
// panner will move as the boombox graphic moves around on the screen
function positionPanner() {
  if(panner.positionX) {
    panner.positionX.setValueAtTime(xPos, audioCtx.currentTime);
    panner.positionY.setValueAtTime(yPos, audioCtx.currentTime);
    panner.positionZ.setValueAtTime(zPos, audioCtx.currentTime);
  } else {
    panner.setPosition(xPos,yPos,zPos);
  }
  pannerData.innerHTML = 'Panner data: X ' + xPos + ' Y ' + yPos + ' Z ' + zPos;
}
					

注意 : In terms of working out what position values to apply to the listener and panner, to make the sound appropriate to what the visuals are doing on screen, there is quite a bit of math involved, but you will soon get used to it with a bit of experimentation.

规范

规范 状态 Comment
Web 音频 API
The definition of 'PannerNode' in that specification.
工作草案

浏览器兼容性

更新 GitHub 上的兼容性数据
Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
PannerNode Chrome 14 Edge ≤18 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
PannerNode() 构造函数 Chrome 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before Chrome 59, the default values were not supported.
Edge ≤79 Firefox 53 IE 不支持 No Opera 42 Safari ? WebView Android 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before version 59, the default values were not supported.
Chrome Android 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before Chrome 59, the default values were not supported.
Firefox Android 53 Opera Android 42 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 6.0
注意事项
6.0
注意事项
Before Samsung Internet 7.0, the default values were not supported.
coneInnerAngle Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
coneOuterAngle Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
coneOuterGain Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
distanceModel Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
maxDistance Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
orientationX Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
orientationY Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
orientationZ Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
panningModel Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
positionX Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
positionY Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
positionZ Chrome Yes Edge ≤18 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera Yes Safari 不支持 No WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 50 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android Yes
refDistance Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
rolloffFactor Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
setOrientation Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
setPosition Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
setVelocity
弃用
Chrome 不支持 14 — 56 Edge 不支持 12 — 79 Firefox 不支持 25 — 63 IE 不支持 No Opera 不支持 15 — 43 Safari 6 WebView Android 不支持 ? — 56 Chrome Android 不支持 18 — 56 Firefox Android 不支持 26 — 63 Opera Android 不支持 14 — 43 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 不支持 1.0 — 6.0

图例

完整支持
完整支持
不支持
不支持
兼容性未知
兼容性未知
弃用。不要用于新网站。
弃用。不要用于新网站。
见实现注意事项。

另请参阅