HTMLAnchorElement

HTMLAnchorElement interface represents hyperlink elements and provides special properties and methods (beyond those of the regular HTMLElement object interface that they inherit from) for manipulating the layout and presentation of such elements. This interface corresponds to <a> element; not to be confused with <link> , which is represented by HTMLLinkElement )

特性

Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement , and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils .

Element.accessKey
DOMString representing a single character that switches input focus to the hyperlink.
HTMLAnchorElement.download
DOMString indicating that the linked resource is intended to be downloaded rather than displayed in the browser. The value represent the proposed name of the file. If the name is not a valid filename of the underlying OS, browser will adapt it.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hash
USVString representing the fragment identifier, including the leading hash mark (' # '), if any, in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.host
USVString representing the hostname and port (if it's not the default port) in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hostname
USVString representing the hostname in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.href
USVString that is the result of parsing the href HTML attribute relative to the document, containing a valid URL of a linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.hreflang
DOMString that reflects the hreflang HTML attribute, indicating the language of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.media
DOMString that reflects the media HTML attribute, indicating the intended media for the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.password
USVString containing the password specified before the domain name.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.origin 只读
返回 USVString containing the origin of the URL, that is its scheme, its domain and its port.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.pathname
USVString representing the path name component, if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.port
USVString representing the port component, if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.protocol
USVString representing the protocol component, including trailing colon (' : '), of the referenced URL.
HTMLAnchorElement.referrerPolicy
DOMString that reflects the referrerpolicy HTML attribute indicating which referrer to use.
HTMLAnchorElement.rel
DOMString that reflects the rel HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the target object to the linked object.
HTMLAnchorElement.relList 只读
返回 DOMTokenList that reflects the rel HTML attribute, as a list of tokens.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.search
USVString representing the search element, including leading question mark (' ? '), if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLElement.tabindex
long containing the position of the element in the tabbing navigation order for the current document.
HTMLAnchorElement.target
DOMString that reflects the target HTML attribute, indicating where to display the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.text
DOMString being a synonym for the Node.textContent 特性。
HTMLAnchorElement.type
DOMString that reflects the type HTML attribute, indicating the MIME type of the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.username
USVString containing the username specified before the domain name.

过时特性

HTMLAnchorElement.charset
DOMString representing the character encoding of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.coords
DOMString representing a comma-separated list of coordinates.
HTMLAnchorElement.name
DOMString representing the anchor name.
HTMLAnchorElement.rev
DOMString representing that the rev HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the link object to the target object.
注意 : Currently the W3C HTML 5.2 spec states that rev is no longer obsolete, whereas the WHATWG living standard still has it labeled obsolete. Until this discrepancy is resolved, you should still assume it is obsolete.
HTMLAnchorElement.shape
DOMString representing the shape of the active area.

方法

Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement , and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils .

HTMLElement.blur()
Removes the keyboard focus from the current element.
HTMLElement.focus()
Gives the keyboard focus to the current element.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.toString()
返回 USVString containing the whole URL. It is a synonym for HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.href , though it can't be used to modify the value.

blur() and focus() methods are inherited from HTMLElement from HTML5 on, but were defined on HTMLAnchorElement in DOM Level 2 HTML and earlier specifications.

规范

规范 状态 Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
实时标准 The following property has been added: download .
Technically, the URL-related properties, media , host , hostname , pathname , port , protocol , search ,和 hash , have been moved to the HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils mixin, and HTMLAnchorElement implements this mixin.
HTML5
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Recommendation The methods blur() and focus() , as well as the properties tabindex and accessKey , are now defined on HTMLElement .
The following properties are now obsolete: charset , coords , name , rev ,和 shape .
The following properties have been added: hash , host , hostname , media , pathname , port , protocol , relList , search ,和 text .
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete No change from Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification .
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete 初始定义。

浏览器兼容性

更新 GitHub 上的兼容性数据
Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
HTMLAnchorElement Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
accessKey Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
charset
弃用 非标
Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
coords
弃用 非标
Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
download Chrome 14 Edge 13 Firefox 20 IE ? Opera 15 Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android Yes Opera Android Yes Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 1.0
hreflang Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
media Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
name
弃用 非标
Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
referrerPolicy Chrome 51 Edge 79 Firefox 50 IE 不支持 No Opera 38 Safari 11.1 WebView Android 51 Chrome Android 51 Firefox Android 50 Opera Android 41 Safari iOS 不支持 No Samsung Internet Android 7.2
rel Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
relList Chrome 65 Edge 18 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android 65 Chrome Android 65 Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 9.0
rev
弃用 非标
Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
shape
弃用 非标
Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
tabindex Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
target Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
text Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes
type Chrome Yes Edge 12 Firefox 1 IE Yes Opera Yes Safari Yes WebView Android Yes Chrome Android Yes Firefox Android 4 Opera Android Yes Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android Yes

图例

完整支持
完整支持
不支持
不支持
兼容性未知
兼容性未知
非标。预期跨浏览器支持较差。
弃用。不要用于新网站。
弃用。不要用于新网站。

另请参阅

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <a>
  1. HTMLAnchorElement
  2. 特性
    1. download
    2. hash
    3. host
    4. hostname
    5. href
    6. origin
    7. password
    8. pathname
    9. port
    10. protocol
    11. referrerPolicy
    12. rel
    13. relList
    14. search
    15. username
  3. 方法
    1. toString()
  4. 继承:
    1. HTMLElement
    2. Element
    3. Node
    4. EventTarget
  5. Related pages for HTML DOM
    1. BeforeUnloadEvent
    2. DOMStringMap
    3. ErrorEvent
    4. GlobalEventHandlers
    5. HTMLAreaElement
    6. HTMLAudioElement
    7. HTMLBRElement
    8. HTMLBaseElement
    9. HTMLBaseFontElement
    10. HTMLBodyElement
    11. HTMLButtonElement
    12. HTMLCanvasElement
    13. HTMLContentElement
    14. HTMLDListElement
    15. HTMLDataElement
    16. HTMLDataListElement
    17. HTMLDialogElement
    18. HTMLDivElement
    19. HTMLDocument
    20. HTMLElement
    21. HTMLEmbedElement
    22. HTMLFieldSetElement
    23. HTMLFormControlsCollection
    24. HTMLFormElement
    25. HTMLFrameSetElement
    26. HTMLHRElement
    27. HTMLHeadElement
    28. HTMLHeadingElement
    29. HTMLHtmlElement
    30. HTMLIFrameElement
    31. HTMLImageElement
    32. HTMLInputElement
    33. HTMLIsIndexElement
    34. HTMLKeygenElement
    35. HTMLLIElement
    36. HTMLLabelElement
    37. HTMLLegendElement
    38. HTMLLinkElement
    39. HTMLMapElement
    40. HTMLMediaElement
    41. HTMLMetaElement
    42. HTMLMeterElement
    43. HTMLModElement
    44. HTMLOListElement
    45. HTMLObjectElement
    46. HTMLOptGroupElement
    47. HTMLOptionElement
    48. HTMLOptionsCollection
    49. HTMLOutputElement
    50. HTMLParagraphElement
    51. HTMLParamElement
    52. HTMLPictureElement
    53. HTMLPreElement
    54. HTMLProgressElement
    55. HTMLQuoteElement
    56. HTMLScriptElement
    57. HTMLSelectElement
    58. HTMLShadowElement
    59. HTMLSourceElement
    60. HTMLSpanElement
    61. HTMLStyleElement
    62. HTMLTableCaptionElement
    63. HTMLTableCellElement
    64. HTMLTableColElement
    65. HTMLTableDataCellElement
    66. HTMLTableElement
    67. HTMLTableHeaderCellElement
    68. HTMLTableRowElement
    69. HTMLTableSectionElement
    70. HTMLTemplateElement
    71. HTMLTextAreaElement
    72. HTMLTimeElement
    73. HTMLTitleElement
    74. HTMLTrackElement
    75. HTMLUListElement
    76. HTMLUnknownElement
    77. HTMLVideoElement
    78. HashChangeEvent
    79. History
    80. ImageData
    81. Location
    82. MessageChannel
    83. MessageEvent
    84. MessagePort
    85. Navigator
    86. NavigatorGeolocation
    87. NavigatorID
    88. NavigatorLanguage
    89. NavigatorOnLine
    90. NavigatorPlugins
    91. PageTransitionEvent
    92. Plugin
    93. PluginArray
    94. PopStateEvent
    95. PortCollection
    96. PromiseRejectionEvent
    97. RadioNodeList
    98. Transferable
    99. ValidityState
    100. Window
    101. WindowBase64
    102. WindowEventHandlers
    103. WindowTimers