BiquadFilterNode

BiquadFilterNode interface represents a simple low-order filter, and is created using the AudioContext.createBiquadFilter() method. It is an AudioNode that can represent different kinds of filters, tone control devices, and graphic equalizers. A BiquadFilterNode always has exactly one input and one output.

Number of inputs 1
Number of outputs 1
Channel count mode "max"
Channel count 2 (not used in the default count mode)
Channel interpretation "speakers"

构造函数

BiquadFilterNode()
Creates a new instance of a BiquadFilterNode 对象。

特性

Inherits properties from its parent, AudioNode .

注意 : Though the AudioParam objects returned are read-only, the values they represent are not.

BiquadFilterNode.frequency 只读
Is an a-rate AudioParam , a double representing a frequency in the current filtering algorithm measured in hertz (Hz).
BiquadFilterNode.detune 只读
Is an a-rate AudioParam representing detuning of the frequency in cents .
BiquadFilterNode.Q 只读
Is an a-rate AudioParam , a double representing a Q factor ,或 quality factor .
BiquadFilterNode.gain 只读
Is an a-rate AudioParam , a double representing the gain used in the current filtering algorithm.
BiquadFilterNode.type
Is a string value defining the kind of filtering algorithm the node is implementing.
The meaning of the different parameters depending of the type of the filter (detune has the same meaning regardless, so isn't listed below)
type 描述 frequency Q gain
lowpass Standard second-order resonant lowpass filter with 12dB/octave rolloff. Frequencies below the cutoff pass through; frequencies above it are attenuated. The cutoff frequency. Indicates how peaked the frequency is around the cutoff. The greater the value is, the greater is the peak. Not used
highpass Standard second-order resonant highpass filter with 12dB/octave rolloff. Frequencies below the cutoff are attenuated; frequencies above it pass through. The cutoff frequency. Indicates how peaked the frequency is around the cutoff. The greater the value, the greater the peak. Not used
bandpass Standard second-order bandpass filter. Frequencies outside the given range of frequencies are attenuated; the frequencies inside it pass through. The center of the range of frequencies. Controls the width of the frequency band. The greater the Q value, the smaller the frequency band. Not used
lowshelf Standard second-order lowshelf filter. Frequencies lower than the frequency get a boost, or an attenuation; frequencies over it are unchanged. The upper limit of the frequencies getting a boost or an attenuation. Not used The boost, in dB, to be applied; if negative, it will be an attenuation.
highshelf Standard second-order highshelf filter. Frequencies higher than the frequency get a boost or an attenuation; frequencies lower than it are unchanged. The lower limit of the frequencies getting a boost or an attenuation. Not used The boost, in dB, to be applied; if negative, it will be an attenuation.
peaking Frequencies inside the range get a boost or an attenuation; frequencies outside it are unchanged. The middle of the frequency range getting a boost or an attenuation. Controls the width of the frequency band. The greater the Q value, the smaller the frequency band. The boost, in dB, to be applied; if negative, it will be an attenuation.
notch Standard notch filter, also called a band-stop or band-rejection filter. It is the opposite of a bandpass filter: frequencies outside the give range of frequencies pass through; frequencies inside it are attenuated. The center of the range of frequencies. Controls the width of the frequency band. The greater the Q value, the smaller the frequency band. Not used
allpass Standard second-order allpass filter. It lets all frequencies through, but changes the phase-relationship between the various frequencies. The frequency with the maximal group delay , that is, the frequency where the center of the phase transition occurs. Controls how sharp the transition is at the medium frequency. The larger this parameter is, the sharper and larger the transition will be. Not used

方法

Inherits methods from its parent, AudioNode .

BiquadFilterNode.getFrequencyResponse()
From the current filter parameter settings this method calculates the frequency response for frequencies specified in the provided array of frequencies.

范例

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create a Biquad filter node. For a complete working example, check out our voice-change-o-matic demo (look at the source code too).

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
//set up the different audio nodes we will use for the app
var analyser = audioCtx.createAnalyser();
var distortion = audioCtx.createWaveShaper();
var gainNode = audioCtx.createGain();
var biquadFilter = audioCtx.createBiquadFilter();
var convolver = audioCtx.createConvolver();
// connect the nodes together
source = audioCtx.createMediaStreamSource(stream);
source.connect(analyser);
analyser.connect(distortion);
distortion.connect(biquadFilter);
biquadFilter.connect(convolver);
convolver.connect(gainNode);
gainNode.connect(audioCtx.destination);
// Manipulate the Biquad filter
biquadFilter.type = "lowshelf";
biquadFilter.frequency.setValueAtTime(1000, audioCtx.currentTime);
biquadFilter.gain.setValueAtTime(25, audioCtx.currentTime);
					

规范

规范 状态 Comment
Web 音频 API
The definition of 'BiquadFilterNode' in that specification.
工作草案

浏览器兼容性

更新 GitHub 上的兼容性数据
Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
BiquadFilterNode Chrome 14 Edge ≤18 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
BiquadFilterNode() 构造函数 Chrome 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before Chrome 59, the default values were not supported.
Edge ≤79 Firefox 53 IE 不支持 No Opera 42
注意事项
42
注意事项
Before Opera 46, the default values were not supported.
Safari ? WebView Android 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before version 59, the default values were not supported.
Chrome Android 55
注意事项
55
注意事项
Before Chrome 59, the default values were not supported.
Firefox Android 53 Opera Android 42
注意事项
42
注意事项
Before Opera 46, the default values were not supported.
Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android 6.0
注意事项
6.0
注意事项
Before Samsung Internet 7.0, the default values were not supported.
Q Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
detune Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
frequency Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
gain Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
getFrequencyResponse Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0
type Chrome 14 Edge 12 Firefox 25 IE 不支持 No Opera 15 Safari 6 WebView Android Yes Chrome Android 18 Firefox Android 26 Opera Android 14 Safari iOS Yes Samsung Internet Android 1.0

图例

完整支持
完整支持
不支持
不支持
兼容性未知
兼容性未知
见实现注意事项。

另请参阅